Amidst growing concerns regarding climate change, measures to curb its effects are becoming more and more urgent. Extensive droughts, widespread water pollution and freshwater scarcity are powerful arguments for implementing effective water conservation measures and opt for water treatment solutions that are less of a strain on the environment.
While carbon dioxide emissions due to the burning of fossil fuels and methane emissions due to agriculture and farming along with deforestation are the primary causes for global warming, plastic waste pollution and chemical pollution are the primary causes of water pollution that endangers not only the wildlife that lives in these pollution-stricken areas, but it also puts humans at a risk. In this context, shifting to water filtration as an alternative to bottled water consumption is demanded by the urgency of minimizing the environmental impacts of the bottled water industry. Water filtration may be a solution that could help reduce plastic waste caused by using bottled water as a primary source of drinking water.
Because of problems with tap water that stem from using potentially toxic chemical contaminants in the disinfection process and the successful marketing campaign for bottled water carried out by companies advocating for bottled water consumption, tap water has been largely abandoned as a source of drinking water. In most developed countries, local governments and water companies supplying municipal water carry out stringent testing to ensure that tap water meets water safety requirements in force at any given time. Bottled water on the other hand, is not subject to as many tests as tap water is and a significant percentage of bottled water brands that are stocked on the shelves of supermarkets are in fact filtered tap water with a nice packaging and a high price tag. Then there is the concern of harmful chemicals leeching from the plastic bottle.
Plastic waste generation
Tap water consumption generates alarming volumes of plastic waste, which, contrary to what you may believe, does not all end up in recycling facilities. Only a small proportion of plastic bottles are recycled (e.g. in the USA, only around 22% of plastic waste gets recycled), a significant proportion ending up in the ocean, in landfills, and natural water sources, thus, endangering wildlife in those areas.
Solution: Filtered tap water instead of bottled water
Water filters and water filtration systems are less of a strain on the environment. They help minimize plastic waste production and help you avoid spending money on bottled water, all the while removing harmful chemicals from tap water. Albeit filter housings and filter cartridges are also made from plastic, the average lifespan of a water filter cartridge is around 6 months. The housing of the filter cartridges is recyclable and some types of water filters (e.g. Ecopure) contain filter media that can be discarded in your garden to improve soil drainage and plant growth. By mitigating some of the effects of water pollution, wildlife and natural water sources can be better protected against plastic pollution.