Global warming, pollution, and overpopulation are only a few of the reasons why water conservation has become a pressing matter on a global scale. Fresh water scarcity is one of the major challenges that humanity is currently facing, and while the issue is not as strongly felt in developed countries, underdeveloped countries are already struggling given that many fresh water sources in these countries are polluted or the effects of climate change have led to the depletion of drinkable water sources. In this context, saving, recycling, and cleaning water are some ways in which we can make the most of the water resources we do have.
What are some ways in which water can be saved on a global scale?
As climate and resource conditions change, the need for new solutions to the global freshwater crisis is prompting governments and companies to address this issue. Thus, wastewater recycling, development of better rain harvesting systems, reducing corporate water footprints, development of cheaper desalination technologies, creating better distribution infrastructures, addressing water pollution, mitigating the effects of climate change and reducing meat consumption are some solutions to the issue of water scarcity.
How can you conserve water at home?
Although you may think that your water footprint is insignificant on a global scale, if enough people decided to make an effort to implement some of the changes suggested below, then your contribution can become an important part of water conservation on a large scale.
- Take shorter showers instead of long baths, and repair any leaks on your faucet or pipes.
- Use water-saving showerheads and shut off the faucet while brushing your teeth or shaving.
- Harvest rainwater to irrigate your garden. Alternatively, use a watering can instead of a hosepipe. Water your plants in the early morning or late afternoon to reduce evaporation. Water your lawn only when necessary. Plant draught-resistant lawns and plants.
- Invest in water-efficient household appliances (e.g. washing machines, dishwasher, etc.).
- Switch from bottled water to drinking tap water. By reducing your bottled water consumption, you’re reducing your carbon footprint. If you’re worried about the cleanliness of your tap water, install a water filter to clean tap water.
- Eat less meat. For example, meat production in the US accounts for 80% of the country’s water consumption.
- Recycle, buy recycled and recyclable products (paper, plastic, etc.).
- Wash only full loads in your washing machine or dishwasher.
- Buy locally produced food to eliminate water consumption caused by the distribution and transport of food.
- Buy less clothes. Even the production of clothes requires a lot of water.
Following the above tips to conserve water and reduce your water footprint can not only help the environment, but it will also reduce your expenditures.